技术移民(永久居留)

SKILLED MIGRATION TO AUSTRALIA, 189 AND 190 VISA


Skilled Migration to Australia

Australian Lawyers and Migration Agents - Skilled Migration Advice

Our Australian Immigration Lawyers and Registered Migration Agents are experienced and ethical. We can assist clients in our offices in Melbourne or Brisbane, Australia and in Hong Kong. In addition, our Australian qualified Lawyers can advise clients worldwide, with a fast and efficient Consultation by telephone or skype where they advise you about:

  • Visa eligibility assessment
  • Information about the visa process
  • Advice regarding the Migration Skills Asssessment application
  • Advice regarding supporting documents including: Qualification certificates, Work references and Identification
  • Advice regarding State or Territory Skilled Nomination
  • Advice regarding the Skilled Points Test score
  • Advice regarding how to sit an English language test and required score
  • Assistance in completion of Dept of Home Affairs Expression of Interest and Visa Application forms
  • Advice regarding how to apply for Police Clearance certificates
  • Preparation of Medical examination and Chest x ray referral letter and advice where to undergo health checks
  • Visa Processing time guidance
  • Information about the Government Visa Application fee and Migration Agent / Lawyers fees for complete visa application assistance

Contact VisaConnect's Australian Immigration Lawyers and Migration Agents in 2021 for advice and assistance with your Skilled Migration visa application!

Skilled Independent - 189 Visa

1. Nominate an occupation - listed on the Skills Occupation List, which is relevant to your education and employment background. Each occupation must have an ANZSCO Code, such as:

  • Accountant (General) - ANZSCO Code: 221111

  • Electrical Engineer - ANZSCO Code: 233311

  • Registered Nurse nec - ANZSCO Code: 254499

2. MLTSSL List - To be eligible for the 189 visa, the selected occupations must be listed on the Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL).

3. Skills Assessment - Suitable skills assessment in that occupation confirming that their qualifications and recent work experience have been recognised by the Australian authority. Skills assessments authorities assess applicant's educational qualifications and work experience and if their skills are recognised, they determine that the applicant is 'suitable for migration'.

There are a wide range of Skills Assessment Authorities that cover different occupations. For example, Accountants and Auditors would be assessed by either:

  • CPA Australia

  • Institute of Public Accountants

  • Chartered Accountants Australia New Zealand

4. Expression of Interest (EOI) - apply for an Expression of Interest on the SkillSelect online service, which includes information about your Age, Qualifications, Skills Assessment, Work experience and a points score is calculated. No actual evidence is required, at this stage. The EOI is valid for 2 years.

5. Invitation - If you are invited to apply for skilled migration, you will receive an Invitation from SkillSelect. You will have 60 days to make your visa application.

6. Online Visa Application - Apply online by completing Forms, and providing evidence to support the claims made in your Expression of Interest. Usually, you will upload certified copies of Identity documents (passport, Birth certificates etc.), and any other relevant information.

7. Health examination - Undergo a medical examination, Chest x ray and blood tests with an Australian Panel Doctor, in your city and country.

8. Character requirements - Apply for Police Clearance certificates in every country you and your spouse have lived in for 12 months or more, in the last 10 years.

Points Test - Factors:

  • Age - Must be Aged between 18 - 44 years. Maximum points available are for ages between 25 - 32 years but less points are still available for other age ranges.

  • English Language Ability - Points are available depending on your English level, which is determine by sitting an English test, such as IELTS. This tests knowledge in: Speaking, Listening, Reading and Writing. Levels of English ability are: Competent (IELTS 6.0) or Proficient (IELTS 7.0) or Superior (IELTS 8.0).

  • Qualifications - Points are awarded for qualifications, with the maximum points available for a Bachelors degree and Phd.

  • Skilled Employment - Points are awarded for work experience in your skilled occupation, based on duration of time in employment: 3, 5 or more than 8 years.

  • Australian Study - Points are available for a degree, diploma or trade qualification awarded by an Australian educational institution.


Occupation Ceilings for the 2020 - 2021 Program Year


Occupation ID Description Occupation Ceiling Value 2020-21
 1331 Construction Managers  7,145
 1332 Engineering Managers  1,474
 1341 Child Care Centre Managers  1,000
 1342 Health and Welfare Services Managers  1,666
 1399 Other Specialist Managers  4,188
 2111 Actors, Dancers and Other Entertainers  1,000
 2112 Music Professionals  1,000
 2121 Artistic Directors, and Media Producers and Presenters  1,000
 2211 Accountants*  1,000
 2212 Auditors, Company Secretaries and Corporate Treasurers*  1,619
 2241 Actuaries, Mathematicians and Statisticians  1,000
 2243 Economists  1,000
 2245 Land Economists and Valuers  1,000
 2247 Management consultant  4,526
 2321 Architects and Landscape Architects  1,452
 2322 Cartographers and Surveyors  1,000
 2331 Chemical and Materials Engineers  1,000
 2332 Civil Engineering Professionals  3,919
 2333 Electrical Engineers  1,348
 2334 Electronics Engineers*  1,000
 2335 Industrial, Mechanical and Production Engineers*  2,682
 2336 Mining Engineers  1,000
 2339 Other Engineering Professionals*  1,000
 2341 Agricultural and Forestry Scientists  1,000
 2342 Chemists, and Food and Wine Scientists  1,000
 2343 Environmental Scientists  1,295
 2344 Geologists, Geophysicists and Hydrogeologists  1,000
 2345 Life Scientists  1,000
 2346 Medical Laboratory Scientists  1,536
 2347 Veterinarians  1,000
 2349 Other Natural and Physical Science Professionals  1,056
 2411 Early Childhood (Pre-primary School) Teachers  3,321
 2414 Secondary School Teachers  8,716
 2415 Special Education Teachers  1,721
 2421 University Lecturers and Tutors  5,042
 2512 Medical Imaging Professionals  1,161
 2514 Optometrists and Orthoptists  1,000
 2519 Other Health Diagnostic and Promotion Professionals  1,000
 2521 Chiropractors and Osteopaths  1,000
 2524 Occupational Therapists  1,461
 2525 Physiotherapists  1,685
 2526 Podiatrists  1,000
 2527 Speech Professionals and Audiologists  1,000
 2531 General Practitioners and Resident Medical officers  4,257
 2533 Internal Medicine Specialists  1,000
 2534 Psychiatrists  1,000
 2535 Surgeons  1,000
 2539 Other Medical Practitioners  1,168
 2541 Midwives  1,333
 2544 Registered Nurses  17,859
 2611 ICT Business and Systems Analysts*  2,273
 2612 Multimedia Specialists and Web Developers  1,000
 2613 Software and Applications Programmers*  8,405
 2621 Database and Systems Administrators and ICT Security Specialists  2,667
 2631 Computer Network Professionals*  2,245
 2633 Telecommunications Engineering Professionals  1,000
 2711 Barristers  1,000
 2713 Solicitors  4,535
 2723 Psychologists  1,545
 2725 Social Workers  1,862
 3122 Civil Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians  1,000
 3123 Electrical Engineering Draftspersons and Technicians  1,000
 3132 Telecommunications Technical Specialists  1,000
 3211 Automotive Electricians  1,000
 3212 Motor Mechanics  5,205
 3222 Sheetmetal Trades Workers  1,000
 3223 Structural Steel and Welding Trades Workers  4,866
 3232 Metal Fitters and Machinists  6,335
 3233 Precision Metal Trades Workers  1,000
 3241 Panelbeaters  1,000
 3311 Bricklayers and Stonemasons  1,712
 3312 Carpenters and Joiners  6,812
 3322 Painting Trades Workers  3,303
 3331 Glaziers  1,000
 3332 Plasterers  1,452
 3334 Wall and Floor Tilers  1,000
 3341 Plumbers  5,861
 3411 Electricians  8,021
 3421 Airconditioning and Refrigeration Mechanics  1,581
 3422 Electrical Distribution Trades Workers  1,000
 3423 Electronics Trades Workers  2,047
 3513 Chefs  2,256
 3611 Animal Attendants and Trainers  1,239
 3941 Cabinetmakers  1,694
 3991 Boat Builders and Shipwrights  1,000
 4523 Sports Coaches, Instructors and Officials  1,262
 4524 Sportspersons  1,000

*Occupations that are subject to pro rata arrangements. For Accountants (2211) the occupational ceiling also re-selects volumes in other skilled visa categories.

The Priority Migration Skilled Occupations List

As at 22 March 2021, there are 18 Occupations (ANZSCO Code) on the Priority Migration Skilled Occupations List:
  • Chief Executive or Managing Director (111111)
  • Construction Project Manager (133111)
  • Mechanical Engineer (233512)
  • General Practitioners (253111)
  • Resident Medical Officer (253112)
  • Psychiatrist (253411)
  • Medical Practitioner nec (253999)
  • Midwife (254111)
  • Registered Nurse (Aged Care) (254412)
  • Registered Nurse (Critical Care & Emergency) (254415)
  • Registered Nurse (Medical) (254418)
  • Registered Nurse (Mental Health) (254422)
  • Registered Nurse (Perioperative) (254423)
  • Registered Nurses nec (254499)
  • Developer Programmer (261312)
  • Software Engineer (261313)
  • Social Worker (272511)
  • Maintenance Planner (312911)

Skilled Nominated - 190 Visa

  • Meet all the visa eligibility requirements for the Skilled Independent visa, as stated above.

  • To be eligible for the 190 visa, the selected occupations must be listed on the Short-term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL).

  • Nomination by an Australian state or territory government agency, and your occupation must be listed on the State/Territory government Skills Occupation List.

  • Comply with residential conditions that are specified by the relevant state or territory government in the nomination.

State Nomination - 190 and 491 Skilled Visas

See below the Visa Nomination Program for each State and Territory of Australia for 2020/21:

1. Victoria - The full 2020-21 Victorian skilled visa nomination program (subclass 190 and 491) opened on Tuesday 5 January 2021. The full program responds to challenges posed by the coronavirus pandemic, with a focus on Victoria’s health response or economic recovery. Applicant's must register their interest on the 'Live in Melbourne' website and be selected to apply for Victorian visa nomination.

2. NSW - Submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) in SkillSelect, selecting either ‘NSW’ or ‘Any’ as your desired state. You do not need to contact the NSW Government after you have submitted your EOI. You will only receive correspondence from NSW if you are invited to apply. Due to the large number of candidates in the selection pool, and the limited number of places available to the NSW Government, the selection process is extremely competitive. The vast majority of candidates will not be invited to apply for NSW 190 nomination.

3. Queensland - The Skilled Nominated 190 Visa is a is a point-tested visa for skilled workers and postgraduate alumni who wish to live and work in Queensland permanently. The Queensland postgraduate degree stream offers streamlined conditions for Masters and PhD graduates from a Queensland-based university. The Skilled Work Regional, 491 Visa is a 5-year points-tested visa which leads to permanent residency and requires nominated skilled workers to be employed and live in regional Queensland.

4. Western Australia - Applicant's can be Nominated for the 190 (receive an extra 5 points) or 491 Skilled Visa (receive an extra 15 points). If you are nominated, or if your visa is approved you must: A. Comply with border rules that apply at the time, if you are moving to WA from another State or Territory; B. Register your arrival with WA Migration Services​​; C. Have access to sufficient funds (for at least three months) to cover settlement costs and living costs; D. Live and work in Western Australia for two years upon arrival; and E. Complete a settlement survey every six months for this two year period.

5. South Australia - To apply for the 190 or 491 Visa, you must have a nomination from the Government of South Australia and meet all nomination requirements, as well as the Department of Home Affairs eligibility criteria. State nomination is provided to meet the State’s skills needs and is granted based on the applicant’s genuine interest and intention to live and work in South Australia. In submitting your application you are indicating that you intend to live and work in South Australia with a view to long-term settlement.

6. Tasmania - If you are nominated by the Tasmanian Government for the 491 or 190 visa, you must live in Tasmania for two years after the visa has been granted. You may be eligible to apply for permanent residency through the Subclass 191 Permanent Residence (Skilled Regional) visa after you have lived in Tasmania for at least three years and earned a minimum taxable income that meets the minimum threshold determined by the Department of Home Affairs for at least 3 years (currently set at AU$53,900).

7. ACT - Under the ACT Migration Agreement, the ACT is allocated a fixed number of nominations each year. The Australian Government has directed that the nominations provided to states and territories are to focus on applicants critical to supporting the COVID-19 response. This includes individuals providing critical or specialist medical services, those with critical skills required to maintain the supply of essential goods and services, and people who deliver services in sectors critical to Australia’s economic recovery.

8. Northern Territory - A condition of NT Government nomination is that you agree to work, live and settle for at least three years in the NT after your visa has been granted. The NT Government will consider your employment prospects in the NT and whether they meet the needs of NT industries when making a decision to offer you a nomination.

State/Territory Nomination - in 2021

See below the Status of appliactions for State/Territory Nomination, as at February 2021:

  • VICTORIA - OPEN - Make an EOI, then submit a Registration of Interest for Victorian State Nomination

  • QUEENSLAND - CLOSED - The 190 and 491 Visa pathway is currently closed and will re-open again in April 2021.

  • NSW - OPEN - From February 2021, Regional Development Australia (RDA) offices will assist NSW Treasury to manage the subclass 491 visa.

  • WA - OPEN - If your application for State nomination is approved, you will be nominated by WA Migration Services in SkillSelect and automatically invited to apply for the Subclass 491 visa by the Department of Home Affairs.

  • SA - OPEN - Both 190 and 491 visa nominations are subject to a limited quota each program year. South Australia reserves the right to revise nomination eligibility requirements for these visa subclasses without notice.

  • TASMANIA - OPEN

  • ACT - OPEN - Separate invitation rounds will be held for the 491 and 190 nomination streams. The highest ranked candidates in each stream will be invited to apply for ACT nomination. An invitation may not be issued if an occupation cap is met or the annual allocation of nomination places is met.

  • NT - OPEN FOR ONSHORE APPLICATIONS ONLY - Onshore applications for Northern Territory nomination under the General Skilled Migration program can now be lodged through the online application system. Offshore applications remain closed while the national border restrictions stay in place.

Skilled Regional Visas - Introduced in November 2019

Two new skilled regional provisional visas were introduced in November 2019:

  • Skilled Employer Sponsored Regional (Provisional) 494 visa - for people sponsored by an employer in regional Australia

  • Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) 491 visa - for people who are nominated by a State or Territory government or sponsored by an eligible family member to live and work in regional Australia

Holders of the new skilled regional provisional visas will need to live and work in regional Australia. Visas will be granted with a validity period of up to five years.

Holders of the new skilled regional provisional visas will be able to apply for a Permanent Residence visa. The Permanent Residence (Skilled Regional) Visa will commence in November 2022.

To be eligible for permanent residence, holders of the new skilled regional provisional visas will need to demonstrate they have lived and worked in regional Australia while holding one of the new Skilled Regional Provisional visa.

Benefits of the New Skilled Regional, Subclass 491 and 494 Visas

  • Regional employers will have access to additional regional occupations to sponsor migrants and priority processing of regional visa applications. There will also be additional points for certain points-tested migrants who are sponsored to settle in regional Australia.

  • Employers in regional Australia, as well as State and Territory governments, who sponsor regional skilled migrants will have access to more occupations than equivalent non-regional visas.

  • Based on current occupation lists, the Skilled Employer Sponsored Regional (Provisional) visa will have access to over 450 more occupations than closest non-regional equivalent visa, and the Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) visa will have access to over 70 more occupations than the closest non-regional equivalent visa.

  • Priority processing arrangements will be expanded to include all visa applications sponsored by regional employers as well as other visa applicants who will live and work in regional Australia.

  • Five additional points for regional nomination or sponsorship provide an extra incentive for potential migrants to consider settling in regional Australia.

Regional Areas - Applicable to 491 and 494 Visas

The following are a list of Cities and major Regional centres that are defined as a 'Regional Area':
  • Perth
  • Adelaide
  • Gold Coast
  • Sunshine Coast
  • Canberra
  • Newcastle
  • Lake Macquarie
  • Wollongong
  • Illawara
  • Geelong
  • Hobart
Note the following Regional Incentives for Applicants living in Regional Areas:

1. Access to the dedicated 25,000 regional places.

2. Priority processing oin Regional visas.

3. Access to Regional Occupations Lists - which provides more jobs compared to non-regional lists.

4. International students studying at Regional Universities will be eligible to access an additional year in Australia on a Post-Study Work visa.

Subclass 191, Permanent Residence (Skilled Regional) Visa

Applicants who have held a 491 or 494 visa, can apply for permanent residence, from 16 November 2022, if they meet the following eligibility criteria:
  • New Subclass 191 (Permanent Residence (Skilled Regional) visa is for applicants who hold a Subclass 491 or a Subclass 494 visa at the time of application; and

  • Hold a Regional Provisional visa when they apply for the Subclass 191 visa, and have held that visa for at least three years;

  • Have earned a minimum income for at least three years as the holder of a regional provisional visa; and

  • Have complied with the conditions of the regional provisional visa 3 years minimum living in Regional Areas.

Skilled Recognition Graduate - 476 Visa

1. This is a temporary visa, but is a route to applying for permanent residence, with a skilled visa.

2. Engineering Graduates - This visa allows recent engineering graduates of eligible universities to gain up to 18 months of skilled work experience in their occupation.

3. Age - Must be younger than 31 years of age.

4. Engineering Qualification - Completed one of the following eligible engineering qualifications, in the past 2 years:

  • Bachelors degree
  • Masters degree
  • Doctoral degree
  • Post Graduate diploma

5. Major Sequence of Study - The qualification must contain a major sequence of study or specialisation in Engineering, including: Civil Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Structural Engineering, Mechanical Engineering etc.) from a recognised institution.

6. English language Ability - IELTS Score of at least 6.0, but you are exempt from sitting the English test if you are a citizen and holding a passport of the UK, Canada, NZ or the US.

SKILLED MIGRATION TO AUSTRALIA - BEST VISA TIPS IN 2018

Registered Migration Agents Australia Member of American Immigration Lawyers Association MIA Migration Agent Member UK OISC Immigration Adviser Qualified Education Agents