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Family Migration to Australia
Outlined below is general information about the process of acquiring permanent residence under the family migration stream:
Marriage - A foreign marriage must be recognised as valid in the country in which it
was performed to be recognised under migration law.
De Facto relationship - Partners live in a spouse-like relationship but are not legally
married. The partners should have been in the relationship for at least 12 months at the time of application.
Partner (Provisional) 309 Visa, and Partner (Migrant) 100 Visa
The Partner visa 309 is a visa application for partners of an Australian citizen or permanent resident, which allows you to live in Australia. After about 2 years, you can apply for the
Partner Migrant visa 100 to obtain Australian permanent residence.
Partner visa - Eligibility Criteria
1. Age - usually must be 18 years or older.
2. Relationship - You are the married spouse or De facto partner of an Australian citizen or resident. The relationship is genuine and continuing. You would need to provide factual evidence
of your relationship, including joint or combined matters, such as joint bank accounts, joint bills, photos together and joint social interests. In addition, you and your partner/sponsor would need to prepare Statements
about your relationship and friends and family would be required to prepare statutory declarations confirming that your relationship is genuine.
3. Live together - You live together with your spouse.
4. Sponsor - Aged 18 years or older, and an Australian citizen or permanent resident, and meets the character requirement. Also, the Sponsor has obligations to provide accommodation and financial assistance to their partner for 2 years after arriving in Australia.
5. Health and Character - You meet the health and character requirements and have no debts to the Australian government.
Prospective Marriage (Fiancé) - 300 Visa
The Prospective Marriage visa allows a partner to travel to Australia and marry their Australian citizen or resident partner. See the visa eligibility criteria:
Child 101 Visa
The Child visa allows a child born outside Australia to be sponsored by their parent who is either an Australian citizen or permanent resident.
Contributory Parent 143 Visa and Contributory Parent (Temporary) 173 Visa
The Contributory parent visa allows a child, who is an Australian citizen or resident, to sponsor their parents, provided that they meet the eligibility criteria:
1. Balance of Family test - The balance of family test measures your ties to Australia. You meet this requirement if either:
2. Child is Settled - The Child is settled in Australia, which means they have been living in Australia for 2 years.
3. Assurance of Support - The Child who is the Sponsor must sign an Assurance of Support which is a commitment to provide their parents with financial support, so that they will not have to rely on social welfare payments.
4. Health and Character - The Parents must meet the health and character requirements and have no debts to the Australian government.
5. Visa Fees - Parents are prepared to pay high visa charges for fast processing and as a means of contributing towards any future medical expenses that they may incur.
Orphan Relative 117 Visa
The Orphan Relative is for a child under 18 years of age who has no parent to
care for them. An Orphan Relative 117 visa is for a child whose parents are dead, permanently incapacitated or of unknown whereabouts. The Sponsor must be a relative, who is an Australian citizen or permanent resident, and
meet the character requirement.
Adoption 102 Visa
The Adoption category allows a child under 18 years of age to live permanently in Australia, where the child has been adopted or is in the process of being adopted by their sponsor.
The Adoption visa must be in the 'Best interests of the child'. The sponsor must provide documentary evidence of the Adoption overseas, which complies with the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption or a bilateral arrangement between Australia and another country.
In addition the Sponsoring parent must meet the character requirement, and confirm their obligations to provide financial support and accommodation for the adopted child, in Australia.
Dependent Child 445 Visa
This category is for the natural child, adopted child or stepchild of the holder of a provisional Partner visa, which does not already include the child. Once the parent's permanent partner
visa is granted, the child can apply to be added to their parent's permanent Partner visa application.
Aged Dependent Relative 114 Visa
This visa is meant for older people, (old enough to receive an Australian pension) to move to Australia if they rely on a close eligible relative in Australia to provide financial support.
The Applicant must be wholly or substantially dependent on relative for financial support, for at least three years prior to application.
Remaining Relative 115 Visa
Carer 116 Visa
The Carer applicant must be willing and able to give substantial, continuing assistance to
an Australian relative (or a member of their family unit) who has a medical condition that impairs their ability to attend to the practical aspects of daily life.
The relative's need for assistance is likely to continue for at least two years, and they cannot reasonably obtain assistance from other relatives or from welfare or hospital services in Australia.
The relative cannot reasonably obtain assistance from other relatives or from welfare or hospital services in Australia. The relative needing care is an Australian citizen or permanent resident, and the relative has undertaken a medical assessment.
PARTNER VISA 309 AND 100 – AUSTRALIAN RESIDENCE IN 2018